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Quick answer
"Only" is an adverb which is often translated as "solo", and "just" is an adjective which is often translated as "justo". Learn more about the difference between "only" and "just" below.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (no more than)
a. solo
I have been married only once.Me he casado solo una vez.
b. solamente
I was told only five northern white rhinos are still alive in the world.Me dijeron que solamente existen cinco rinocerontes blancos del norte en todo el mundo.
2. (exclusively)
a. solo
This is an honor reserved only for important people.Este es un honor que se reserva solo para gente importante.
b. solamente
Only people with boarding passes are permitted beyond this point.Solamente personas con pases de abordar se permiten más allá de este punto.
c. únicamente
Only people older than 21 years old can enter the bar.Únicamente gente de 21 años o más puede entrar al bar.
3. (merely)
a. solamente
I'm only an assistant. My boss makes those decisions.Solamente soy un asistente. Mi jefe toma esas decisiones.
b. simplemente
Oh, come on! I was only joking.Vamos, que simplemente estaba bromeando.
4. (no longer ago than)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I saw them only last week and they seemed happy. I can't believe they broke up.Los vi apenas hace una semana y parecían felices. No puedo creer que hayan roto.
It seems like only yesterday that we were getting married, and now we're celebrating our 25th anniversary.Parece que solo fue ayer que nos casamos, y ahora estamos celebrando nuestro 25 aniversario.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (one)
a. único
This tree is the only one of its species.Este árbol es el único de su especie.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
6. (adversative)
a. pero
I'd really like to go, only I have to work that day.De veras me gustaría ir, pero tengo que trabajar ese día.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (fair)
a. justo
We are defending a just cause here.Estamos defendiendo una causa justa.
2. (deserved)
a. merecido
It was a just punishment for his crimes.Fue un merecido castigo por sus crímenes.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
3. (recently)
a. acabar de
I just washed the dishes and now I have to take out the trash.Acabo de lavar los platos y ahora me toca sacar la basura.
b. justo
I was just arriving when she left.Justo estaba llegando cuando ella se marchó.
c. ahora mismo
I was just deciding what to do.Ahora mismo estaba decidiendo qué hacer.
4. (barely)
a. justo
I made it to the station just before the train left.Llegué a la estación justo antes de partir el tren.
b. por poco
You just missed him. He'll be back after lunch.Te lo perdiste por poco. Regresará después del almuerzo.
5. (exactly)
a. justo
Our new house is just what I wanted.Nuestra nueva casa es justo lo que quería.
6. (only)
a. solo
Don't be angry; I was just asking.No te enfades, solo estaba preguntando.
b. solamente
I've been to New York just once.He estado en Nueva York solamente una vez.
c. nomás
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
He came late just to annoy me.Vino tarde para fastidiarme nomás.
7. (equally)
a. tan
My new computer is just as good as yours.Mi computadora nueva es tan buena como la tuya.
8. (emphatic)
a. verdaderamente
The new models are just amazing.Los nuevos modelos son verdaderamente asombrosos.
9. (simply)
a. sencillamente
It was just the best movie I've seen in years.Sencillamente fue la mejor película que he visto en años.
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