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Quick answer
"Old" is an adjective which is often translated as "viejo", and "red" is a noun which is often translated as "el rojo". Learn more about the difference between "old" and "red" below.
old(
old
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (not new)
a. viejo
My old printer still works really well.Mi vieja impresora sigue funcionando estupendamente.
2. (related to age)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I will be fifty years old tomorrow.Mañana cumpliré cincuenta años.
My son is four years old.Mi hijo tiene cuatro años.
3. (antique)
a. antiguo
I still have my grandfather's old Bible.Todavía tengo la antigua biblia de mi abuelo.
4. (worn)
a. viejo
Even though this old shirt is full of holes, it's still my favorite.Aunque esta camisa vieja tenga agujeros, todavía es mi favorita.
5. (former)
a. antiguo
I'm happily married but still think about my old boyfriend.Estoy felizmente casada pero todavía pienso en mi antiguo novio.
6. (long-standing)
a. viejo
Joe and Peter are old friends who met in college.Joe y Peter son viejos amigos que se conocieron en la universidad.
7. (for emphasis)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
He's such a good old dog.Es un buen perro.
We had a grand old time at the party last night.La pasamos requetebien en la fiesta anoche.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
8. (old people)
a. las personas mayores
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The party was a hit for both young and old.La fiesta fue un éxito tanto para los jóvenes como para las personas mayores.
b. los viejos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Social planning should focus more on the needs of the old.La planificación social debería enfocarse más en las necesidades de los viejos.
c. los ancianos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The old are respected in many cultures.En muchas culturas, los ancianos se respetan.
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red(
rehd
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (color)
a. el rojo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Red is my favorite color because I love the Chicago Bulls.El rojo es mi color favorito porque amo los Toros de Chicago.
2.
An offensive word or phrase used to degrade a person or group of people based on race, gender, sexual preference, etc. (e.g. ghetto).
(pejorative)
(politics)
a. el rojo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The Reds took over the government.Los rojos ocuparon el gobierno.
3. (red wine)
a. el tinto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I'm going to have a good red and a steak for dinner.Voy a cenar un buen tinto y un filete.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (color)
a. rojo
I have just received a dozen red roses.Acabo de recibir una docena de rosas rojas.
b. tinto (wine)
Would you like red wine or white wine?¿Quiere vino tinto o vino blanco?
5. (flushed)
a. colorado
She turned red and asked me if I could help her.Se puso colorada y me preguntó si podía ayudarla.
6.
An offensive word or phrase used to degrade a person or group of people based on race, gender, sexual preference, etc. (e.g. ghetto).
(pejorative)
(politics)
a. rojo
He wants to promote red ideals and fight capitalism.Quiere promover ideales rojos y combatir el capitalismo.
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