Quick answer
"Oh" is an interjection which is often translated as "oh", and "that's too bad" is a phrase which is often translated as "qué lástima". Learn more about the difference between "oh" and "that's too bad" below.
oh(
o
)
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
1. (used to express surprise)
a. oh
Did you know there were going to be fireworks tonight? - Oh? No, I didn't.¿Sabías que iba a haber fuegos artificiales esta noche? - ¡Oh! No, no lo sabía.
b. vaya
Oh! What a pleasant surprise to see you here!¡Vaya! ¡Qué sorpresa tan agradable verte aquí!
c. ah
Oh! I get it now. The TV won't turn on because it's not plugged in!¡Ah! Ya entendí. ¡La tele no se enciende porque no está enchufada!
2. (used to express pain)
a. ay
Oh! That's hot.¡Ay! Eso está caliente.
3. (used to call attention)
a. eh
Oh, sir, you're stepping on my shoe!¡Eh, señor! Me está pisando.
4. (used to express disbelief)
a. en serio
Oh? You're going to be the master of ceremonies?¿En serio? ¿Vas a ser el maestro de ceremonias?
b. no me digas
Oh, you have got to be kidding. Steve's going out with Melanie again?¡No me digas! Debe ser una broma. ¿Steve está saliendo de nuevo con Melanie?
c. de veras
Oh? You won the gold medal?¿De veras? ¿Ganaste la medalla de oro?
5. (used to express dismay)
a. ay
Oh! Shut up! That is disgusting!¡Ay! ¡Cállate! ¡Eso es asqueroso!
6. (used to elicit further information)
a. ah, sí
I'm leaving early today. - Oh?Hoy salgo temprano. - ¿Ah, sí?
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that's too bad
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. qué lástima
I can't go to the party. - That's too bad, because Laura really wanted to see you.No puedo ir a la fiesta. - Qué lástima porque Laura realmente quería verte.
b. es una pena
The restaurant is struggling to attract customers, and that's too bad because it is wonderful.El restaurante enfrenta dificultades para atraer clientes y ¡es una pena, porque es delicioso.
c. qué malo
I have the flu. - That's too bad, Max! I hope you feel better soon.Agarré la gripe. - ¡Qué malo, Max! Espero que te sientas mejor pronto.
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