Quick answer
"Oh" is an interjection which is often translated as "oh", and "excuse me" is a phrase which is often translated as "perdón". Learn more about the difference between "oh" and "excuse me" below.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
1. (used to express surprise)
a. oh
Did you know there were going to be fireworks tonight? - Oh? No, I didn't.¿Sabías que iba a haber fuegos artificiales esta noche? - ¡Oh! No, no lo sabía.
b. vaya
Oh! What a pleasant surprise to see you here!¡Vaya! ¡Qué sorpresa tan agradable verte aquí!
c. ah
Oh! I get it now. The TV won't turn on because it's not plugged in!¡Ah! Ya entendí. ¡La tele no se enciende porque no está enchufada!
2. (used to express pain)
a. ay
Oh! That's hot.¡Ay! Eso está caliente.
3. (used to call attention)
a. eh
Oh, sir, you're stepping on my shoe!¡Eh, señor! Me está pisando.
4. (used to express disbelief)
a. en serio
Oh? You're going to be the master of ceremonies?¿En serio? ¿Vas a ser el maestro de ceremonias?
b. no me digas
Oh, you have got to be kidding. Steve's going out with Melanie again?¡No me digas! Debe ser una broma. ¿Steve está saliendo de nuevo con Melanie?
c. de veras
Oh? You won the gold medal?¿De veras? ¿Ganaste la medalla de oro?
5. (used to express dismay)
a. ay
Oh! Shut up! That is disgusting!¡Ay! ¡Cállate! ¡Eso es asqueroso!
6. (used to elicit further information)
a. ah, sí
I'm leaving early today. - Oh?Hoy salgo temprano. - ¿Ah, sí?
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excuse me(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (used to attract attention)
a. perdón
Excuse me. Could I have a menu, please?Perdón, ¿me puede traer un menú, por favor?
b. disculpe
Excuse me. Is this the right train for New York?Disculpe, ¿es este el tren para ir a Nueva York?
2. (used to ask for something to be repeated)
a. perdone
Excuse me; I didn't hear what you said.Perdone, no oí lo que dijo.
b. cómo (less formal)
Have you seen Anna? - Excuse me?¿Has visto a Anna? - ¿Cómo?
3. (used to apologize)
a. perdone
Excuse me! I thought this seat was free.¡Perdone! Pensé que este asiento estaba libre.
b. perdón
I didn't realize you were in a meeting. Excuse me.No me di cuenta de que estabas en una reunión. Perdón.
4. (used to ask permission to go past)
a. permiso
He didn't even say "excuse me"; he just barged past.Ni siquiera dijo "permiso", pasó a empujones.
5. (used to ask to be allowed to deal with something else)
a. permítame
Please excuse me a minute. I need to check something.Permítame un momento, por favor. Tengo que comprobar algo.
6. (used to object or disagree)
a. un momento
Excuse me! I was first in line.¡Un momento! Yo estaba primero.
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