Quick answer
"Obligation" is a noun which is often translated as "la obligación", and "duty" is a noun which is often translated as "el deber". Learn more about the difference between "obligation" and "duty" below.
obligation
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (requirement)
a. la obligación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
In many Latin American countries, citizens have a legal obligation to vote.En muchos países latinoamericanos, los ciudadanos tienen la obligación legal de votar.
b. el compromiso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A week before the ceremony the actor sent a message declining the invitation due to professional obligations.Una semana antes de la ceremonia el actor envió un mensaje rechazando la invitación por compromisos profesionales.
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I felt an obligation to post a picture from sunny Florida to make you forget about the snow in Minnesota.Me sentí obligado a publicar una foto desde la soleada Florida para hacerte olvidar la nieve en Minnesota.
Teams are under no obligation to pay players who suffer non-football injuries.Los equipos no están obligados a pagarles a los jugadores que sufren lesiones ajenas a la práctica del fútbol.
2. (legal)
a. el compromiso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Many employers are unable to meet their tax obligations as a result of the financial crisis.Muchos empleadores no pueden hacer frente a sus compromisos impositivos como consecuencia de la crisis financiera.
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duty(
du
-
di
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (obligation)
a. el deber
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It is your duty to arrive on time. Es tu deber llegar a tiempo.
b. la obligación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You have a duty to help take care of your daughter.Tienes la obligación de ayudar a cuidar a tu hija.
2. (tax)
a. el derecho
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
How much is the import duty on shoes?¿Cuánto es el derecho de importación del calzado?
b. el impuesto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Let's buy some perfume at the duty-free shop at the airport.Vamos a comprar perfume en la tienda libre de impuestos del aeropuerto.
3. (military)
a. el servicio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Carl was called to duty in Iraq.A Carl lo llamaron al servicio en Iraq.
duties
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
4. (responsibility)
a. las funciones
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Your duties will be explained at the first meeting. Se te explicarán tus funciones en la primera reunión.
b. las responsabilidades
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Your duties include making sure that all vehicles are fueled every morning. Tus responsabilidades incluyen asegurarse de que todos los vehículos estén cargados de combustible cada mañana.
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