Quick answer
"Loss" is a noun which is often translated as "la pérdida", and "lost" is an adjective which is often translated as "perdido". Learn more about the difference between "loss" and "lost" below.
loss(
las
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (deprivation of something)
a. la pérdida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Mary began to learn sign language after suffering from a loss of hearing.Mary empezó a aprender la lengua de señas después de sufrir la pérdida de la audición.
2. (financial)
a. la pérdida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The tourism office reported heavy losses the year after the hurricane.La oficina de turismo reportó pérdidas fuertes el año después del huracán.
3. (defeat)
a. la derrota
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Real Madrid's loss to FC Barcelona provoked riots in the stands.La derrota del Real Madrid frente al Barcelona provocó un motín en la tribuna.
4. (death)
a. la pérdida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She was inconsolable after the loss of her beloved rabbit.Estaba inconsolable después de la pérdida de su querido conejo.
5. (insurance)
a. la pérdida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The car was declared a total loss after crashing into a train.El carro fue declarado una pérdida total después de chocar con un tren.
losses
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
6. (amount lost)
a. las bajas
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(military)
The losses suffered during the invasion of Normandy are in the hundreds of thousands. Las bajas sufridas durante la invasión de Normandía llegan a los cientos de miles.
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lost(
last
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (misplaced)
a. perdido
Never mind about your lost keys. I have an extra set.No te preocupes por tus llaves perdidas. Tengo otras.
2. (unable to find one's way)
a. perdido
That little boy looks like he's lost.Ese niño parece estar perdido.
3. (wasted)
a. perdido
Since he came out of prison, he's made up for lost time.Desde que salió de la cárcel, ha recuperado el tiempo perdido.
4. (that cannot be recovered)
a. perdido
Handwriting is becoming a lost art.Escribir a mano se está convirtiendo en un arte perdido.
5. (confused)
a. perdido
Wait a minute, I'm lost. Could you explain that again?Espera, me he perdido. ¿Podrías volver a explicarlo?
6. (presumed dead)
a. desaparecido
Her brother was lost in action.Su hermano se dio por desaparecido en combate.
7. (helpless)
a. perdido
I didn't know anyone at the party. I felt completely lost.No conocía a nadie en la fiesta. Me sentía totalmente perdido.
8. (engrossed)
a. absorto
Nicole was so lost in her book that she didn't hear the doorbell.Nicole estaba tan absorta en su libro que no escuchó el timbre de la puerta.
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