Quick answer
"Lofty" is an adjective which is often translated as "alto", and "small" is an adjective which is often translated as "pequeño". Learn more about the difference between "lofty" and "small" below.
lofty
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (imposingly high)
a. alto
The lofty spire of the cathedral rose against the sky.La alta aguja de la catedral se elevaba con el cielo de fondo.
b. majestuoso
Ahead of us, rose lofty mountains.Frente a nosotros, se alzaban las montañas majestuosas.
2. (with a high roof)
a. de techo alto
Only a lofty art gallery will be able to accommodate the eight-foot sculpture.Solo una galería de techo alto podrá albergar la escultura de ocho pies de altura.
3. (grand)
a. elevado
The school principal set lofty goals for each student's progress.El director de la escuela estableció objetivos elevados para el progreso de cada estudiante.
b. noble
We appreciate your lofty ideals, but we need to be realistic.Agradecemos tus ideales nobles, pero tenemos que ser realistas.
4. (arrogant)
a. altivo
The professor's lofty attitude alienated him from his colleagues.La actitud altiva del profesor lo alejó de sus colegas.
b. altanero
Diego's lofty manner irritated the waitress.La manera altanera de Diego molestó a la camarera.
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small(
smal
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (small in size)
a. pequeño
I have lived in a very small house for many years.He vivido en una casa muy pequeña por muchos años.
b. chico
He's eight, but he looks small for his age.Tiene ocho años, pero se ve chico para su edad.
c. chiquito (colloquial)
My feet are so small, it's hard for me to find shoes.Tengo los pies tan chiquitos que se me hace difícil encontrar zapatos.
2. (small in amount)
a. poco
It is a really small quantity for all of us.Realmente es muy poca cantidad para todos nosotros.
b. pequeño
We've had a small bump in sales.Hemos tenido un pequeño aumento en las ventas.
c. reducido
These amounts are so small; we've got to come up with a better business plan.Estas cantidades son my reducidas; hay que pensar en un mejor plan de negocios.
3. (humble)
a. pequeño
It's just a small gesture to show my appreciation.Es solo un pequeño gesto para mostrar mi aprecio.
b. de poca importancia
It's a small contribution. - Yes, but it counts.Es una aportación de poca importancia. - Sí, pero cuenta.
4. (young)
a. pequeño
When we were small, my brother and I went to the beach every summer.Cuando éramos pequeños, mi hermano y yo íbamos a la playa todos los veranos.
5. (small in scale)
a. pequeño
We have a small family business.Tenemos una pequeña empresa familiar.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
6. (handwriting)
a. chiquito
You write so small; let me go get my glasses.Escribes bien chiquito; dejame ir por mis anteojos.
7. (scale)
a. a pequeña escala
You'll never be successful if you keep thinking so small.Nunca tendrás éxito si sigues pensando a pequeña escala.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
8. (clothing size)
a. la talla chica
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Do you have this shirt in a small?¿Tienes esta camisa en talla chica?
smalls
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
9. (clothing)
a. la ropa interior
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You can't go outside in your smalls.No puedes salir afuera en tu ropa interior.
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