Quick answer
"Little" is an adjective which is often translated as "pequeño", and "not much" is a phrase which is often translated as "no mucho". Learn more about the difference between "little" and "not much" below.
little(
lih
-
duhl
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (size)
a. pequeño
There's a little box outside.Hay una caja pequeña afuera.
b. chico
That car is too little for me.Ese coche es muy chico para mí.
c. chiquito
My niece's shoes are so little!¡Los zapatos de mi sobrina son tan chiquitos!
2. (younger)
a. menor
His little brother is a dentist.Su hermano menor es dentista.
b. pequeño
My little sister is two years younger than me.Mi hermana pequeña es dos años menor que yo.
3. (young)
a. pequeño
When I was little, I traveled a lot.Cuando era pequeño, viajaba mucho.
b. chico
Her kids are too little to go to the movies.Sus hijos son muy chicos como para ir al cine.
4. (not much)
a. poco
There was little milk left, so I bought more.Quedaba poca leche, así que compré más.
5. (trivial)
a. insignificante
Don't get so upset over such a little matter.No te alteres tanto por un asunto tan insignificante.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
6. (not much)
a. poco
The students who studied little were relieved that the test was so easy.Los alumnos que estudiaron poco estaban aliviados que el examen estuvo tan fácil.
7. (somewhat)
a. algo
I'm a little angry at you.Estoy algo enojado contigo.
b. un poco
It's a little cloudy.Está un poco nublado.
8. (not often)
a. poco
I go to that store very little.Voy a esa tienda muy poco.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
9. (small amount)
a. poco
We have little to celebrate at the moment.Hay poco que celebrar en estos momentos.
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not much(
nat
 
muhch
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (little)
a. no mucho
Hey, what's going on? - Not much, and you?Hola, ¿qué cuentas? - No mucho, ¿y tú?
b. poco
It's raining, but not much.Llueve, pero poco.
c. no gran cosa
What do you think of the new swimming-pool? - Not much.¿Qué te parece la nueva piscina? - No gran cosa.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (not very good)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I'm not much of a swimmer.No soy muy buena nadadora.
You're not much of a liar.No se te da muy bien mentir.
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