Quick answer
"I listened to" is a phrase which is often translated as "escuché a", and "have you heard" is a phrase which is often translated as "has oído". Learn more about the difference between "I listened to" and "have you heard" below.
I listened to
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. escuché a
Although I had my eyes closed, I listened to the speaker.Aunque tenía los ojos cerrados, escuché al orador.
b. escuché
I listened to the song that you wrote. I liked it.Escuché la canción que escribiste. Me gustó.
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have you heard
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (used to refer to perception)
a. has oído
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(singular)
Have you heard the news?¿Has oído las noticias?
b. ha oído
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(singular)
Have you heard strange noises lately?¿Ha oído ruidos extraños últimamente?
2. (used to ask for information)
a. sabes
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(singular)
Have you heard anything about the new teacher? - Only that she's called Margaret.¿Sabes algo de la nueva profesora? - Solo que se llama Margaret.
b. sabe
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(singular)
Have you heard anything about a possible merger between the two companies?¿Sabe algo de una posible fusión entre las dos empresas?
3. (used to introduce news)
a. te enteraste
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(singular)
Have you heard about Peter and Ellen? - No! What happened?¿Te enteraste de Peter y Ellen? - ¡No!¿Qué pasó?
b. se enteró
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(singular)
Have you heard about the new project we'll be working on?¿Se enteró del nuevo proyecto en el que trabajaremos?
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