Quick answer
"Liable" is an adjective which is often translated as "responsable", and "able" is an adjective which is often translated as "capaz". Learn more about the difference between "liable" and "able" below.
liable
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (responsible)
a. responsable
The company was found liable for the actions of its employee.La compañía fue declarada responsable de las acciones de su empleado.
2. (subject)
a. sujeto
Dates are provisional, and, therefore, liable to change.Las fechas son provisionales y, por lo tanto, están sujetas a cambios.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The court ruled that the father was not liable to pay maintenance for his son.El tribunal dictaminó que el padre estaba exento de pasarle una pensión alimenticia al hijo.
This type of transaction is not liable to be taxed.Este tipo de transacción está exento de impuestos.
3. (given)
a. propenso
My husband is more liable to worry about everything than I am.Mi marido es más propenso a preocuparse por todo que yo.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
People in these circumstances are liable to experience loneliness and shame.Las personas que están en estas circunstancias tienen predisposición a sentirse solas y avergonzadas.
The battery in that cellphone model is liable to run down in no time.La batería de ese modelo de celular tiene tendencia a descargarse muy rápido.
4. (likely)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
He's liable to be gravely injured if he plays again before fully recovering.Es probable que acabe teniendo una lesión grave si vuelve a jugar sin estar totalmente recuperado.
With those leadership qualities, this girl is liable to grow up to be president.Con esas dotes de mando que tiene, esta niña podría muy bien acabar siendo presidenta de mayor.
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able(
ey
-
buhl
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (having the ability to)
a. capaz
We are willing and able to help at any time.Estamos dispuestos y capaces de ayudar en cualquier momento.
You are able to do anything you put your mind to.Eres capaz de hacer cualquier cosa que te propones.
b. poder
The paramedics asked her if she was able to walk.Los paramédicos le preguntaron si podía caminar.
2. (capable)
a. capaz
He's an able worker; it's no wonder they promoted him.Él es un trabajador capaz; no me sorprende que le hayan dado un ascenso.
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