Quick answer
"Late" is an adjective which is often translated as "tarde", and "early" is an adverb which is often translated as "temprano". Learn more about the difference between "late" and "early" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (after scheduled time)
a. tarde (adverb)
Rebecca was late again.Rebecca llegó tarde otra vez.
b. atrasado
My tenant is late with the rent again this month.El inquilino está atrasado con la renta otra vez este mes.
c. retrasado
We will have a late departure due to bad weather.La salida será retrasada debido al mal tiempo.
2. (after usual time)
a. tarde (adverb)
We had a late lunch after the long walk.Almorzamos tarde después del largo paseo.
b. tardío
This variety of flowers is late blooming.Esta variedad de flores es de floración tardía.
3. (towards the end of the day)
a. tarde (adverb)
I won't be going out now. It's too late for me.No voy a salir ahora. Es demasiado tarde para mí.
4. (toward the latter part of a period of time)
a. último
We enjoyed a late morning breakfast in the garden.Disfrutamos un desayuno a última hora de la mañana en el jardín.
b. a finales de
I saw him in late summer.Lo vi a finales del verano.
c. tardío
My son's going to a lecture on music in the late Middle Ages.Mi hijo va a asistir a una clase sobre la música del Medioevo tardío.
5. (deceased)
a. difunto
The late Mr. Johnson took good care of his garden.El difunto Sr. Johnson cuidaba muy bien de su jardín.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
6. (after scheduled time)
a. tarde
You arrived an hour late.Llegaste una hora tarde.
b. de retraso
The plane landed four hours late.El avión aterrizó con cuatro horas de retraso.
7. (toward the latter part of a period)
a. tarde
We are going to close late today because of the sales.Vamos a cerrar tarde hoy debido a las rebajas.
b. hasta tarde
My sister sleeps in late on Saturdays.Mi hermana duerme hasta tarde los sábados.
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An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (before expected time)
a. temprano
If you get there early, grab us a table.Si llegas temprano, consíguenos una mesa.
b. pronto
You left too early and missed the cutting of the cake.Se fueron demasiado pronto y no vieron cuando cortamos la torta.
2. (towards the beginning)
a. a principios
We met him early in the week.Nos lo encontramos a principios de semana.
b. a primera hora (time of day)
I want the report by early tomorrow morning.Quiero el informe a primera hora mañana por la mañana.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (before expected time)
a. temprano
I can't believe you're early for once.No puedo creer que finalmente llegues temprano.
4. (soon)
a. pronto
It is too early to know if the surgery was successful.Es demasiado pronto para saber si la cirugía fue exitosa.
5. (towards the beginning)
a. temprano
We keep early hours even on the weekends.Nos acostamos y levantamos temprano, incluso los fines de semana.
b. a principios (of a period)
She became a famous writer in her early forties.Se convirtió en una escritora famosa a principios de sus cuarenta años.
6. (first)
a. primer
Her early paintings are the best.Sus primeros cuadros son los mejores.
7. (before usual time)
a. prematuro
His early death was a blow to us all.Su muerte prematura fue un duro golpe para todos nosotros.
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