Quick answer
"Large" is an adjective which is often translated as "grande", and "small" is an adjective which is often translated as "pequeño". Learn more about the difference between "large" and "small" below.
large(
larj
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (in size)
a. grande
I need a large work space that can accommodate all my tools.Yo necesito un espacio de trabajo grande, en el que quepan todas mis herramientas.
2. (in quantity)
a. grande
We bought timber in large quantities.Compramos madera en grandes cantidades.
b. numeroso
There was a large group of people waiting outside.Había un grupo numeroso de gente esperando fuera.
3. (in importance)
a. importante
Music played a large part in his life.La música tuvo un papel importante en su vida.
4. (in scope)
a. amplio
The event received large coverage by the media.El evento recibió amplia cobertura en los medios de comunicación.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (clothing size)
a. talla grande
I'm usually a large, but this jacket is really big on me.Normalmente soy talla grande, pero esta chamarra me queda muy grande.
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small(
smal
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (small in size)
a. pequeño
I have lived in a very small house for many years.He vivido en una casa muy pequeña por muchos años.
b. chico
He's eight, but he looks small for his age.Tiene ocho años, pero se ve chico para su edad.
c. chiquito (colloquial)
My feet are so small, it's hard for me to find shoes.Tengo los pies tan chiquitos que se me hace difícil encontrar zapatos.
2. (small in amount)
a. poco
It is a really small quantity for all of us.Realmente es muy poca cantidad para todos nosotros.
b. pequeño
We've had a small bump in sales.Hemos tenido un pequeño aumento en las ventas.
c. reducido
These amounts are so small; we've got to come up with a better business plan.Estas cantidades son my reducidas; hay que pensar en un mejor plan de negocios.
3. (humble)
a. pequeño
It's just a small gesture to show my appreciation.Es solo un pequeño gesto para mostrar mi aprecio.
b. de poca importancia
It's a small contribution. - Yes, but it counts.Es una aportación de poca importancia. - Sí, pero cuenta.
4. (young)
a. pequeño
When we were small, my brother and I went to the beach every summer.Cuando éramos pequeños, mi hermano y yo íbamos a la playa todos los veranos.
5. (small in scale)
a. pequeño
We have a small family business.Tenemos una pequeña empresa familiar.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
6. (handwriting)
a. chiquito
You write so small; let me go get my glasses.Escribes bien chiquito; dejame ir por mis anteojos.
7. (scale)
a. a pequeña escala
You'll never be successful if you keep thinking so small.Nunca tendrás éxito si sigues pensando a pequeña escala.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
8. (clothing size)
a. la talla chica
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Do you have this shirt in a small?¿Tienes esta camisa en talla chica?
smalls
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
9. (clothing)
a. la ropa interior
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You can't go outside in your smalls.No puedes salir afuera en tu ropa interior.
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