Quick answer
"Junior" is an adjective which is often translated as "más joven", and "high school" is a noun which is often translated as "la escuela secundaria". Learn more about the difference between "junior" and "high school" below.
junior(
ju
-
nyuhr
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (younger)
a. más joven
Manuel is junior to his cousin Ben.Manuel es más joven que su primo Ben.
2. (of lower rank)
a. subalterno
He was named to a junior post in the energy department.Lo nombraron en un puesto subalterno en el departamento de energía.
3. (for younger people)
a. juvenil
The junior fashions this year are very colorful.La moda juvenil este año es muy colorida.
b. para jóvenes
Do you have this dress in a junior size?¿Tienes este vestido en una talla para jóvenes?
4. (differentiating a son from his father)
a. hijo
Michael, Junior takes after his father, Michael, Senior, in his knowledge of design.Michael, hijo, se parece a su papá, Michael, padre, en su conocimiento del diseño.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(son)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. hijo
Junior, can you help me with this please?Hijo, ¿me ayudas con esto por favor?
6. (younger person)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
His wife is ten years his junior.Le lleva diez años a su esposa.
Paloma is two years Cynthia's junior.Paloma es dos años menor que Cynthia.
7. (student)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. el estudiante de penúltimo año
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la estudiante de penúltimo año
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(high school or college)
Monica is a junior at UCLA.Mónica es una estudiante de penúltimo año en la UCLA.
b. el estudiante de tercer año
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la estudiante de tercer año
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(high school or college)
My daughter is a junior and my son is a senior in high school.Mi hija es estudiante de tercer año y mi hijo es estudiante de cuarto año en la escuela secundaria.
8. (student) (United Kingdom)
a. el estudiante de primaria
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la estudiante de primaria
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(primary school)
Benjy is a junior at the Abbey Hey Primary Academy.Benjy es un estudiante de primaria en la academia primaria Abbey Hey.
9. (person of lower rank)
a. el subalterno
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la subalterna
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Minerva is Susana's junior.Minerva es la subalterna de Susana.
10. (sports)
a. el juvenil
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la juvenil
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This is his last year as a junior. Next year he'll be 20.Este es su último año como juvenil. El año que viene cumplirá 20.
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high school(
hay
 
skul
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (education)
a. la escuela secundaria
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
High school precedes college.La escuela secundaria precede la universidad.
b. la escuela preparatoria
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
I graduated from high school ten years ago.Me gradué de la escuela preparatoria hace diez años.
c. la prepa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
When did you graduate from high school?¿Cuándo te graduaste de la prepa?
d. el instituto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
There are a thousand students in the high school.En el instituto hay mil estudiantes.
e. el bachillerato
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(studies)
Regionalism used in El Salvador
(El Salvador)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
Regionalism used in Venezuela
(Venezuela)
High school is harder than I expected.El bachillerato es más difícil de lo que esperaba.
f. el liceo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(building)
Regionalism used in Uruguay
(Uruguay)
Regionalism used in Venezuela
(Venezuela)
I have to walk two blocks to the high school.Tengo que caminar dos cuadras para llegar al liceo.
g. la enseñanza media
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Chile
(Chile)
I'm studying biology in high school.Estoy estudiando biología en la enseñanza media.
h. el colegio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Ecuador
(Ecuador)
They need more teachers for the high school.Se necesitan más maestros para el colegio.
i. el instituto preuniversitario
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Cuba
(Cuba)
They are opening a new high school.Están abriendo un instituto preuniversitario nuevo.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (related to high school)
a. de escuela secundaria
A high-school student was arrested last night.Un estudiante de escuela secundaria fue detenido anoche.
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