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Quick answer
"It's" is a contraction which is often translated as "es", and "its" is an adjective which is often translated as "su". Learn more about the difference between "it's" and "its" below.
A contraction is a shortened form of a word or group of words made by omitting a sound or letter (e.g. don't).
1. (used to express a permanent quality)
a. es
What is this? - It's an eraser.¿Qué es esto? - Es un borrador.
2. (used to express a temporary state)
a. está
Be careful with the pot. It's hot.Cuidado con la olla. Está caliente.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (possessive)
a. su (singular)
El camaleón puede cambiar su color.The chameleon can change its color.
b. sus (plural)
Un árbol pierde sus hojas en otoño.A tree loses its leaves in the fall.
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