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Quick answer
"It takes" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "hace falta", and "needs" is an adverb which is often translated as "necesariamente". Learn more about the difference between "it takes" and "needs" below.
it takes
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to require)
a. hace falta (with singular subjects)
You can make it as an actor, but it takes a lot of work.Puedes tener éxito como actor, pero hace falta mucho trabajo.
b. hacen falta (with plural subjects)
Our basketball team can fill the bleachers. It just takes a lot of enthusiastic fans.Nuestro equipo de baloncesto puede llenar las gradas descubiertas. Solo hacen falta muchos fanáticos entusiasmados.
c. se necesita (with singular subjects)
It takes just one phone call to reach the representative.Solo se necesita una llamada para llegar al representante.
d. se necesitan (with plural subjects)
It takes about ten hours of studying each week to excel in this class.Se necesitan aproximadamente diez horas de estudiar cada semana para tener éxito en esta clase.
2. (occupy time)
a. se tarda (with singular subjects)
It takes half an hour to drive to Disneyland.Se tarda una media hora en manejar a Disneylandia.
b. se tardan (with plural subjects)
It takes ten minutes to walk to the grocery store from my house.Se tardan unos diez minutos en caminar al supermercado desde mi casa.
c. lleva
It takes time to get to know someone.Lleva tiempo llegar a conocer a alguien.
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An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (general)
a. necesariamente
We must needs know your decision before nightfall.Necesariamente debemos conocer su decisión antes del anochecer.
b. forzosamente
You must needs speak to the director before proceeding.Forzosamente debe hablar con el director antes de seguir adelante.
c. de necesidad
The doctor needs be summoned at once.Es de necesidad que se llame al médico de inmediato.
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