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Quick answer
"What is that?" is a phrase which is often translated as "¿Qué es eso?", and "only" is an adverb which is often translated as "solo". Learn more about the difference between "What is that?" and "only" below.
What is that?(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (general)
a. ¿Qué es eso?
"What is that?" she asked, pointing to a flashing light on the control panel."¿Qué es eso?" preguntó, señalando una luz intermitente en el tablero de control.
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An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (no more than)
a. solo
I have been married only once.Me he casado solo una vez.
b. solamente
I was told only five northern white rhinos are still alive in the world.Me dijeron que solamente existen cinco rinocerontes blancos del norte en todo el mundo.
2. (exclusively)
a. solo
This is an honor reserved only for important people.Este es un honor que se reserva solo para gente importante.
b. solamente
Only people with boarding passes are permitted beyond this point.Solamente personas con pases de abordar se permiten más allá de este punto.
c. únicamente
Only people older than 21 years old can enter the bar.Únicamente gente de 21 años o más puede entrar al bar.
3. (merely)
a. solamente
I'm only an assistant. My boss makes those decisions.Solamente soy un asistente. Mi jefe toma esas decisiones.
b. simplemente
Oh, come on! I was only joking.Vamos, que simplemente estaba bromeando.
4. (no longer ago than)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I saw them only last week and they seemed happy. I can't believe they broke up.Los vi apenas hace una semana y parecían felices. No puedo creer que hayan roto.
It seems like only yesterday that we were getting married, and now we're celebrating our 25th anniversary.Parece que solo fue ayer que nos casamos, y ahora estamos celebrando nuestro 25 aniversario.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (one)
a. único
This tree is the only one of its species.Este árbol es el único de su especie.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
6. (adversative)
a. pero
I'd really like to go, only I have to work that day.De veras me gustaría ir, pero tengo que trabajar ese día.
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