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Quick answer
"Inside out" is an adverb which is often translated as "al revés", and "backward" is an adverb which is often translated as "hacia atrás". Learn more about the difference between "inside out" and "backward" below.
inside out(
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (with the inner surface on the outside)
a. al revés
You're wearing your sweater inside out.Llevas tu suéter al revés.
b. del revés
Turn these jeans inside out before washing them.Pon estos vaqueros del revés antes de lavarlos.
2. (to a thorough degree)
a. de cabo a rabo
I'm not nervous about the test tomorrow. I know the book inside out.No estoy nerviosa por el examen de mañana. Conozco el libro de cabo a rabo.
b. en profundidad
I'm a huge fan of the band. I know their music inside out.Soy fanática de la banda. Conozco su música en profundidad.
c. al dedillo
I trust my lawyer. He understands the law inside out.Confío en mi abogado. Entiende la ley al dedillo.
3. (starting on the inside)
a. de adentro hacia afuera
Wounds heal from the inside out.Heridas cicatrizan de adentro hacia afuera.
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An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (toward the rear)
a. hacia atrás
The soccer player moved backward to avoid the goalie and then scored a goal.El futbolista se movió hacia atrás para evitar al portero y luego anotó un gol.
2. (back first)
a. hacia atrás
Cecilia was walking backward while talking to me and tripped over a step.Cecilia caminaba hacia atrás mientras hablaba conmigo y se tropezó con un escalón.
3. (in reverse order)
a. al revés
Nicholas can recite the alphabet backward.Nicholas sabe recitar el abecedario al revés.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (toward a worse state)
a. atrás
The so-called fiscal reform turned out to be a step backward.La supuesta reforma fiscal resultó ser un paso atrás.
5. (toward the rear)
a. hacia atrás
She got on the bus without even a backward glance.Se subió al camión sin ni siquiera una mirada hacia atrás.
b. atrás
Berta took a step back to keep from falling off the ledge.Berta dio un paso atrás para no caerse del saliente.
A word or phrase that is seldom used in contemporary language and is recognized as being from another decade, (e.g. cat, groovy).
An offensive word or phrase used to degrade a person or group of people based on race, gender, sexual preference, etc. (e.g. ghetto).
(with learning difficulties)
a. retrasado
Even a backward child has more sense than that idiotic politician.Hasta un niño retrasado tiene más sentido común que ese político idiota.
7. (underdeveloped)
a. atrasado
Some backward countries still have people stoned to death for adultery.Algunos países atrasados todavía lapidan a las personas por adulterio.
8. (reluctant)
a. reservado
Luke is too backward to ask Daniela to go out with him.Luke es demasiado reservado como para pedirle a Daniela que salga con él.
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