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Quick answer
"Insane" is an adjective which is often translated as "demente", and "mad" is an adjective which is often translated as "enojado". Learn more about the difference between "insane" and "mad" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (mad)
a. demente
The criminal was declared insane and admitted to an asylum.El criminal fue declarado demente e ingresado en un manicomio.
b. loco
He is clinically insane and is on medication prescribed by the psychiatrist.Está clínicamente loco y está tomando medicamentos recetados por la psiquiatra.
2. (foolish)
a. insensato
It would be insane to reject this job offer.Sería insensato rechazar esta oferta de trabajo.
b. descabellado
I won't do it. It's an insane idea.No lo haré. Es una idea descabellada.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (patients)
a. los enfermos mentales
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The insane should be given proper care.Los enfermos mentales deben recibir los cuidados adecuados.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (angry)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. enojado
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
My girlfriend is mad at me because I criticized how many shoes she has.Mi novia está enojada conmigo porque critiqué la cantidad de zapatos que tiene.
b. enfadado
Regionalism used in Spain
Why are you mad? - Because you're late again!¿Por qué estás enfadado? - ¡Porque otra vez has llegado tarde!
2. (insane)
a. loco
He went mad when he learned that his wife died.Se volvió loco cuando se enteró de que su mujer había muerto.
3. (enthusiastic)
a. loco
It's obvious that he's mad about you.Es obvio que está loco por ti.
4. (uncontrolled)
a. desenfrenado
The crowds made a mad dash toward the electronics on Black Friday.La multitud emprendió una carrera desenfrenada hacia los productos electrónicos el viernes negro.
5. (foolish) (United Kingdom)
a. de locos
It's absolutely mad of you to leave your job now.Es una cosa de locos dejar tu puesto ahora.
b. descabellado
Running away from home is a mad idea. You shouldn't do it.Huir de casa es una idea descabellada. No lo deberías hacer.
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