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Quick answer
"Infertile" is an adjective which is often translated as "estéril", and "barren" is an adjective which is also often translated as "estéril". Learn more about the difference between "infertile" and "barren" below.
infertile
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (unable to reproduce)
a. estéril
As Judy hasn't been able to get pregnant, the couple want to find out if one of them is infertile.Como Judy no pudo hasta ahora quedar embarazada, la pareja quiere saber si uno de ellos es estéril.
2. (agriculture)
a. estéril
Much of the volcanic landscape of Lanzarote is infertile.Gran parte del paisaje volcánico de Lanzarote es estéril.
b. yermo
The dumping of industrial waste has made the land infertile.El vertido de desechos industriales hizo que la tierra quedara yerma.
c. infecundo
The infertile soil is due to deforestation and erosion.El suelo infecundo se debe a la deforestación y la erosión.
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barren(
beh
-
rihn
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1.
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(literary)
(infertile)
a. estéril
The pregnancy seemed like a miracle to Sophia, who had thought she was barren.El embarazo le parecía un milagro a Sophia, que se había pensado estéril.
2. (unproductive)
a. árido
Almost nothing grows in the barren desert.Casi nada crece en el desierto árido.
b. estéril
The forest became a barren wasteland after the fire.El bosque se convirtió en un páramo estéril después del incendio.
c. yermo
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
This barren land hasn't produced anything in years.Esta tierra yerma no ha producido nada en años.
3. (devoid)
a. desprovisto
Critics say the book is barren of any interesting ideas.Los críticos dicen que el libro es desprovisto de ideas interesantes.
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