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Quick answer
"Inability" is a noun which is often translated as "la incapacidad", and "disability" is a noun which is often translated as "la discapacidad". Learn more about the difference between "inability" and "disability" below.
inability
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (lack of ability)
a. la incapacidad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She was fired for her inability to maintain order in the classroom.Fue despedida por su incapacidad para mantener el orden en el salón de clases.
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disability(
dihs
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uh
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bih
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lih
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di
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (difficulty)
a. la discapacidad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Fiona is able to function normally despite her visual disability thanks to technological advances.Fiona puede manejarse con normalidad a pesar de su discapacidad visual gracias a los avances tecnológicos.
b. la invalidez
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Pepe hasn't been able to work for a year due to his disability caused by the accident.Pepe no ha podido trabajar desde hace un año por la invalidez que le causó el accidente.
c. la minusvalía
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The municipal government closed a restaurant for not having access for people with disabilities.El gobierno municipal clausuró un restaurante por no tener acceso para personas con minusvalías.
2. (causing disadvantage)
a. la desventaja
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Jamaica's weather is a disability for their Olympic skiing program.El clima de Jamaica es una desventaja para su programa de esquí olímpico.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (relating to a disability)
a. por incapacidad
George's disability insurance barely pays enough to keep him from starving.El seguro por incapacidad de George apenas le alcanza para no morirse de hambre.
b. por invalidez
Lucas had a motorcycle accident and is now receiving disability insurance payments.Lucas tuvo un accidente de moto y ahora está recibiendo los pagos del seguro por invalidez.
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