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Quick answer
"In front of" is an adverb which is often translated as "delante de", and "on the front" is a phrase which is often translated as "al frente". Learn more about the difference between "in front of" and "on the front" below.
in front of(
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (position)
a. delante de
The car parked in front of mine is red.El coche estacionado delante del mío es rojo.
b. enfrente de
The library is in front of the restaurant.La biblioteca está enfrente del restaurante.
c. frente a
There's a statue in front of the fountain.Hay una estatua frente a la fuente.
d. al frente de
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
The bank is in front of the park.El banco está al frente del parque.
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on the front(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (on the foremost part or surface)
a. al frente
The box has a picture of a Christmas tree on the front.La caja tiene una foto de un árbol de Navidad al frente.
b. por delante
I wrote the names of all the students on the front and the teachers' names on the back.Escribí los nombres de los estudiantes por delante y los de los maestros por detrás.
2. (on the exterior)
a. en la fachada (of building)
During the storm, some of the bricks on the front of the building came loose.Algunos de los ladrillos en la fachada del edificio se aflojaron durante la tormenta.
b. en la portada (of book)
The book has an alligator on the front.El libro tiene un caimán en la portada.
3. (on the military front)
a. en el frente
The newspaper published many stories from soldiers who served on the front this year.El periódico publicó muchos relatos de soldados que sirvieron en el frente este año.
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