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Quick answer
"Illness" is a noun which is often translated as "la enfermedad", and "sickness" is a noun which is also often translated as "la enfermedad". Learn more about the difference between "illness" and "sickness" below.
illness(
ihl
-
nihs
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (sickness)
a. la enfermedad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Henry was infected with some type of food-borne illness.Henry se contagió de algún tipo de enfermedad transmitida por alimentos.
b. la dolencia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(formal)
Doctors are running tests to try to discover the cause of his illness.Los doctores están haciendo pruebas para descubrir la causa de su dolencia.
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sickness(
sihk
-
nuhs
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (illness)
a. la enfermedad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
No treatment has worked to cure his sickness.Ningún tratamiento ha funcionado para curar su enfermedad.
2. (nausea)
a. el mareo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Reading in the car gives me a feeling of sickness.Leer en el auto me da una sensación de mareo.
b. las náuseas
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Some pregnant women might have have morning sickness.Algunas embarazadas pueden tener náuseas del embarazo.
c. los vómitos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I felt a wave of sickness when I smelled it.Al olerlo sentí una oleada de vómitos.
d. las ganas de devolver
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The stench of the sewer may cause sickness.La peste de la alcantarilla puede causar ganas de devolver.
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