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Quick answer
"Illness" is a noun which is often translated as "la enfermedad", and "disease" is a noun which is also often translated as "la enfermedad". Learn more about the difference between "illness" and "disease" below.
illness(
ihl
-
nihs
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (sickness)
a. la enfermedad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Henry was infected with some type of food-borne illness.Henry se contagió de algún tipo de enfermedad transmitida por alimentos.
b. la dolencia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(formal)
Doctors are running tests to try to discover the cause of his illness.Los doctores están haciendo pruebas para descubrir la causa de su dolencia.
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disease(
dih
-
ziz
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (medicine)
a. la enfermedad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Obesity is a disease that affects millions of people.La obesidad es una enfermedad que afecta a millones de personas.
b. la afección
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women.Las afecciones cardíacas son la causa principal de muerte tanto entre hombres como mujeres.
c. la dolencia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It is a very serious disease.Se trata de una dolencia muy grave.
2. (negative aspect)
a. la enfermedad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Violence is a social disease and it should be treated as such.La violencia es una enfermedad social y debe ser tratada como tal.
b. el mal
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
In my opinion, superficiality is the greatest disease of our time.A mi parecer, la superficialidad es el gran mal de nuestro tiempo.
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