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Quick answer
"I'm sorry" is a phrase which is often translated as "perdón", and "no" is an interjection which is often translated as "no". Learn more about the difference between "I'm sorry" and "no" below.
I'm sorry(
aym
 
saw
-
ri
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (used to apologize)
a. perdón
I stepped on your foot! I'm sorry!¡Te pisé! ¡Perdón!
b. disculpa
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
I'm sorry I am running late.Disculpa la demora.
c. perdona
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
I stained your carpet! I'm sorry!¡Manché tu alfombra! ¡Perdona!
d. discúlpame
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
I'm sorry if I offended you.Discúlpame si te ofendí.
e. perdóname
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
I didn't realize this was your seat. I'm sorry.No me di cuenta de que este era tu asiento. Perdóname.
f. disculpe
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
I didn't know you were in the room. I'm sorry.No sabía que usted estaba en la habitación. Disculpe.
g. perdone
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
I'm afraid that pen is mine, ma'am. - I'm sorry!Me parece que esa pluma es mía, señora. - ¡Perdone!
2. (used to offer sympathy)
a. lo siento
I couldn't come to class because my uncle died. - I'm very sorry.No pude venir a clase porque murió mi tío. - Lo siento mucho.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I'm sorry for your loss.Mi más sentido pésame.
I'm sorry to hear about your dad. I hope he gets better soon.Siento lo de tu padre. Espero que se recupere pronto.
3. (used to ask for something to be repeated)
a. perdón
I'm sorry, I couldn't hear you because of the noise.Perdón, no lo oí por el ruido.
b. cómo
I'm tired. - I'm sorry? - I said I'm tired.Estoy cansado. - ¿Cómo? - Dije que estoy cansado.
c. perdone
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
I'm sorry, what were you saying?Perdone, ¿qué decía?
d. mande
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
I think I lost my keys. - I'm sorry? What monkeys? - I said "keys!"Me parece que perdí las llaves. - ¿Mande? ¿Qué claves? - ¡Dije "llaves"!
4. (used to get someone's attention)
a. perdón
I'm sorry, is this Castro street?Perdón, ¿esta es la calle Castro?
b. disculpa
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
I'm sorry, do you know where the station is?Disculpa, ¿sabes dónde queda la estación?
c. disculpe
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
I'm sorry, do you know when the bank opens?Disculpe, ¿sabe a qué hora abre el banco?
5. (used to express regret)
a. lamento que
I'm sorry I won't be able to be there.Lamento que no podré asistir.
6. (used to express disagreement)
a. un momento
This band sucks. - I'm sorry? I love them!Esta banda es una porquería. - ¡Un momento! ¡A mí me encantan!
b. qué dices
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
Today's chemistry class was awesome. - I'm sorry? Nobody understood anything!La clase de química de hoy estuvo genial. - ¿Qué dices? ¡No se entendió nada!
c. qué dice
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
Everyone will have to work over the weekend. - I'm sorry?Todos tendrán que trabajar el fin de semana. - ¿Qué dice?
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no(
no
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (negation)
a. no
Would you like some more soup? - No, I'm full.¿Quieres más sopa? - No, ya estoy satisfecho.
2. (in comparisons)
a. no
His new apartment is no larger than the last one.Su nuevo apartamento no es más grande que el último.
I have been dieting for a month, but I am no thinner than I was.Llevo un mes de dieta, pero no he enflaquecido nada.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
3. (negation)
a. no
Kids, it's time to pick up your toys. - No!Niños, ya es hora de recoger sus juguetes. - ¡No!
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (not any)
a. no (used as an adverb in Spanish)
There's no milk left.No queda leche.
b. sin (used as a preposition in Spanish)
She did it all on her own, with no help at all.Lo hizo todo sola, sin ayuda de nadie.
c. ningún
There's no reason to be afraid.No hay ninguna razón por la que tener miedo.
5. (prohibition)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
It says "no parking." You can't leave your car here.Dice "prohibido el estacionamiento"; no puedes dejar aquí el coche.
There's a sign on my son's door that says "no girls allowed."Hay un anuncio en la puerta de mi hijo que dice "no se admiten chicas".
6. (no way of)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
If my parents see the house like this, there's no telling what they'll do.Si mis padres ven la casa en tal estado, quién sabe lo que harán.
There's no avoiding the issue any more.Ya no se puede eludir el asunto.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
7. (negative answer)
a. el no
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
When I was a child, "no" was my favorite word.De niña, "no" era mi palabra favorita.
b. el voto en contra
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(politics)
The bill received 64 noes, and did not pass.La propuesta de ley recibió 64 votos en contra y fue rechazada.
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