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Quick answer
"I'm sorry" is a phrase which is often translated as "perdón", and "excuse me" is a phrase which is also often translated as "perdón". Learn more about the difference between "I'm sorry" and "excuse me" below.
I'm sorry(
aym
 
saw
-
ri
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (used to apologize)
a. perdón
I stepped on your foot! I'm sorry!¡Te pisé! ¡Perdón!
b. disculpa
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
I'm sorry I am running late.Disculpa la demora.
c. perdona
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
I stained your carpet! I'm sorry!¡Manché tu alfombra! ¡Perdona!
d. discúlpame
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
I'm sorry if I offended you.Discúlpame si te ofendí.
e. perdóname
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
I didn't realize this was your seat. I'm sorry.No me di cuenta de que este era tu asiento. Perdóname.
f. disculpe
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
I didn't know you were in the room. I'm sorry.No sabía que usted estaba en la habitación. Disculpe.
g. perdone
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
I'm afraid that pen is mine, ma'am. - I'm sorry!Me parece que esa pluma es mía, señora. - ¡Perdone!
2. (used to offer sympathy)
a. lo siento
I couldn't come to class because my uncle died. - I'm very sorry.No pude venir a clase porque murió mi tío. - Lo siento mucho.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I'm sorry for your loss.Mi más sentido pésame.
I'm sorry to hear about your dad. I hope he gets better soon.Siento lo de tu padre. Espero que se recupere pronto.
3. (used to ask for something to be repeated)
a. perdón
I'm sorry, I couldn't hear you because of the noise.Perdón, no lo oí por el ruido.
b. cómo
I'm tired. - I'm sorry? - I said I'm tired.Estoy cansado. - ¿Cómo? - Dije que estoy cansado.
c. perdone
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
I'm sorry, what were you saying?Perdone, ¿qué decía?
d. mande
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
I think I lost my keys. - I'm sorry? What monkeys? - I said "keys!"Me parece que perdí las llaves. - ¿Mande? ¿Qué claves? - ¡Dije "llaves"!
4. (used to get someone's attention)
a. perdón
I'm sorry, is this Castro street?Perdón, ¿esta es la calle Castro?
b. disculpa
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
I'm sorry, do you know where the station is?Disculpa, ¿sabes dónde queda la estación?
c. disculpe
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
I'm sorry, do you know when the bank opens?Disculpe, ¿sabe a qué hora abre el banco?
5. (used to express regret)
a. lamento que
I'm sorry I won't be able to be there.Lamento que no podré asistir.
6. (used to express disagreement)
a. un momento
This band sucks. - I'm sorry? I love them!Esta banda es una porquería. - ¡Un momento! ¡A mí me encantan!
b. qué dices
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
Today's chemistry class was awesome. - I'm sorry? Nobody understood anything!La clase de química de hoy estuvo genial. - ¿Qué dices? ¡No se entendió nada!
c. qué dice
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
Everyone will have to work over the weekend. - I'm sorry?Todos tendrán que trabajar el fin de semana. - ¿Qué dice?
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excuse me(
ehk
-
skyuz
 
mi
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (used to attract attention)
a. perdón
Excuse me. Could I have a menu, please?Perdón, ¿me puede traer un menú, por favor?
b. disculpe
Excuse me. Is this the right train for New York?Disculpe, ¿es este el tren para ir a Nueva York?
2. (used to ask for something to be repeated)
a. perdone
Excuse me; I didn't hear what you said.Perdone, no oí lo que dijo.
b. cómo (less formal)
Have you seen Anna? - Excuse me?¿Has visto a Anna? - ¿Cómo?
3. (used to apologize)
a. perdone
Excuse me! I thought this seat was free.¡Perdone! Pensé que este asiento estaba libre.
b. perdón
I didn't realize you were in a meeting. Excuse me.No me di cuenta de que estabas en una reunión. Perdón.
4. (used to ask permission to go past)
a. permiso
He didn't even say "excuse me"; he just barged past.Ni siquiera dijo "permiso", pasó a empujones.
5. (used to ask to be allowed to deal with something else)
a. permítame
Please excuse me a minute. I need to check something.Permítame un momento, por favor. Tengo que comprobar algo.
6. (used to object or disagree)
a. un momento
Excuse me! I was first in line.¡Un momento! Yo estaba primero.
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