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Quick answer
"I'm afraid" is a phrase which is often translated as "tengo miedo", and "be afraid" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "tener miedo". Learn more about the difference between "I'm afraid" and "be afraid" below.
I'm afraid(
aym
 
uh
-
freyd
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (used to express fear)
a. tengo miedo
I'm scared of graduating college without knowing what job I want to have.Tengo miedo de graduarme de la universidad sin saber qué profesión quiero tener.
2. (used to express regret)
a. me temo que
I'm afraid that we are unable to hire you at this time.Me temo que no podemos contratarle en este momento.
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be afraid(
bi
 
uh
-
freyd
)
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to be scared)
a. tener miedo
When I was younger, I used to be afraid of the dark.Cuando era joven, le tenía miedo a la oscuridad.
b. temer
You shouldn't be afraid of him, son. He's not a real vampire.No debes temerle, hijo. No es un vampiro de verdad.
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
2. (imperative)
a. ten miedo
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(singular)
Be afraid, Josh. He's coming for you.Ten miedo, Josh. Viene por ti.
b. tenga miedo
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(singular)
You will regret this day. Be afraid, Mr. Smith!Se arrepentirá de este día. ¡Tenga miedo, Sr. Smith!
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