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"Give up" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "dejar", and "come up" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "subir". Learn more about the difference between "give up" and "come up" below.
give up(
gihv
 
uhp
)
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to renounce)
a. dejar (a habit or activity)
I'm trying to give up smoking.Estoy intentando dejar de fumar.
b. renunciar a (a job or a religion)
I had to give up my job to care for my mother.Tuve que renunciar a mi trabajo para cuidar a mi madre.
c. abandonar (an idea, studies, a fight)
She gave up university in the second year.Abandonó la carrera en el segundo año.
2. (to relinquish)
a. ceder
He gave up his seat to a lady with two young children.Cedió el asiento a una señora con dos niños pequeños.
3. (to hand over)
a. entregar
He gave his accomplices up to the authorities.Entregó sus cómplices a las autoridades.
4. (to surrender)
a. entregarse
The man later gave himself up to the police.Más tarde el hombre se entregó a la policía.
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
5. (to quit)
a. rendirse
He gave up without a fight.Se rindió sin luchar.
b. darse por vencido
To succeed, you have to keep going and never give up.Para triunfar, tienes que seguir adelante y nunca darte por vencido.
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come up(
kuhm
 
uhp
)
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to ascend)
a. subir
Come up and talk to me.Sube a platicar conmigo.
b. salir
The sun comes up at 7:30 am here.El sol sale a las 7:30 am aquí.
c. aparecer
The watermelon sprouts start to come up in May.Los brotes de sandía comienzan a aparecer en mayo.
2. (to approach; often used with "to")
a. acercarse
Exams are coming up, so you're better off to start studying now.Se acercan los exámenes, así que más les vale empezar a repasar ahora.
b. acercarse a
Some girl came up to Pedro at school and asked him for his phone number.Una chica se le acercó a Pedro en la escuela y le pidió el número de teléfono.
3. (to occur)
a. surgir
I won't be able to arrive in time. Something came up.No podré llegar a tiempo. Algo surgió.
b. presentarse
An opportunity for me to work in Dubai came up.Se me presentó una oportunidad de trabajar en Dubai.
c. salir
We had almost finished the project when another problem came up.Casi habíamos terminado el proyecto cuando salió otro problema.
4. (to be mentioned)
a. mencionarse
Ariadna is uncomfortable when the topic of her father's arrest comes up.Ariadna se incomoda cuando se menciona el tema de la detención de su padre.
b. salir
Tiffany's lottery number came up and she became a millionaire.Salió el número de lotería de Tiffany y se convirtió en millonaria.
c. surgir
I didn't mean to talk about her ex, but we were chatting and the topic came up.No era mi intención hablar de su ex, pero estábamos chateando y surgió el tema.
5. (legal)
a. verse
The case is scheduled to come up in court in two weeks.El caso está programado para verse en la corte en dos semanas.
6.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(to ascend in rank)
a. subir
Branson really came up; he used to be the chauffeur and now he hobnobs with the nobility.Branson realmente subió de categoría; antes era el chofer y ahora se codea con la nobleza.
7. (to travel)
a. ir
I'm coming up by train; I think I'll be there by 6 pm.Voy en el tren; creo que llegaré para las 6 pm.
b. venir
When are your parents coming up to visit us?¿Cuándo vienen tus padres a visitarnos?
8. (education; used with "to") (United Kingdom)
a. matricularse
Simon's parents are very proud he's coming up to university.Los padres de Simon están orgullosos de que se haya matriculado en la universidad.
9. (to turn on)
a. encenderse
When the auditorium lights came up, the actors saw that the theater had emptied completely.Cuando se encendieron las luces del auditorio, los actores vieron que el teatro se había vaciado por completo.
10. (to reach a height; used with "to")
a. llegar
The mud in the swamp came up to my waist.El lodo en la ciénaga me llegaba hasta la cintura.
11.
A word or phrase that is seldom used in contemporary language and is recognized as being from another decade, (e.g. cat, groovy).
(old-fashioned)
(to grow up)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
"When I was coming up, girls didn't ask boys out, " said the elderly man."En mi época, las chicas no invitaban a los chicos a salir, " dijo el viejito.
These shoes were all the rage when I was coming up.Estos zapatos eran muy de moda cuando yo era adolescente.
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
12. (to climb)
a. subir
What a great view. You have to come up the hill and take a look.Qué increible vista. Debes subir la colina y echar un vistazo.
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