Quick answer
"Freshman" is a noun which is often translated as "el/la estudiante de primer año", and "sophomore" is a noun which is often translated as "el/la estudiante de segundo año". Learn more about the difference between "freshman" and "sophomore" below.
freshman(
frehsh
-
mihn
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (education)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. el estudiante de primer año
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la estudiante de primer año
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(high school or university)
I was a freshman in high school when I decided that I wanted to become a mathematician.Era estudiante de primer año de secundaria cuando decidí que quería ser matemático.
2. (novice)
a. el novato
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la novata
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Back when I was a freshman in this business, I made a lot of mistakes.Cuando era novato en el sector, cometí muchos errores.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (inexperienced)
a. nuevo (senator or manager)
Some people think the freshman senator lacks the experience to be president.Hay quien cree que al nuevo senador le falta experiencia para ser presidente.
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sophomore(
saf
-
mawr
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (education)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. el estudiante de segundo año
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la estudiante de segundo año
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Paula is a sophomore at the University of Texas.Paula es una estudiante de segundo año en la Universidad de Texas.
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