Quick answer
"Freshman" is a noun which is often translated as "el/la estudiante de primer año", and "high school" is a noun which is often translated as "la escuela secundaria". Learn more about the difference between "freshman" and "high school" below.
freshman(
frehsh
-
mihn
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (education)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. el estudiante de primer año
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la estudiante de primer año
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(high school or university)
I was a freshman in high school when I decided that I wanted to become a mathematician.Era estudiante de primer año de secundaria cuando decidí que quería ser matemático.
2. (novice)
a. el novato
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la novata
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Back when I was a freshman in this business, I made a lot of mistakes.Cuando era novato en el sector, cometí muchos errores.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (inexperienced)
a. nuevo (senator or manager)
Some people think the freshman senator lacks the experience to be president.Hay quien cree que al nuevo senador le falta experiencia para ser presidente.
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high school(
hay
 
skul
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (education)
a. la escuela secundaria
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
High school precedes college.La escuela secundaria precede la universidad.
b. la escuela preparatoria
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
I graduated from high school ten years ago.Me gradué de la escuela preparatoria hace diez años.
c. la prepa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
When did you graduate from high school?¿Cuándo te graduaste de la prepa?
d. el instituto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
There are a thousand students in the high school.En el instituto hay mil estudiantes.
e. el bachillerato
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(studies)
Regionalism used in El Salvador
(El Salvador)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
Regionalism used in Venezuela
(Venezuela)
High school is harder than I expected.El bachillerato es más difícil de lo que esperaba.
f. el liceo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(building)
Regionalism used in Uruguay
(Uruguay)
Regionalism used in Venezuela
(Venezuela)
I have to walk two blocks to the high school.Tengo que caminar dos cuadras para llegar al liceo.
g. la enseñanza media
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Chile
(Chile)
I'm studying biology in high school.Estoy estudiando biología en la enseñanza media.
h. el colegio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Ecuador
(Ecuador)
They need more teachers for the high school.Se necesitan más maestros para el colegio.
i. el instituto preuniversitario
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Cuba
(Cuba)
They are opening a new high school.Están abriendo un instituto preuniversitario nuevo.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (related to high school)
a. de escuela secundaria
A high-school student was arrested last night.Un estudiante de escuela secundaria fue detenido anoche.
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