Quick answer
"First" is an adjective which is often translated as "primero", and "wash your hands" is a phrase which is often translated as "lávate las manos". Learn more about the difference between "first" and "wash your hands" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (ordinal number)
a. primero
The first time I ever had guacamole was in Guadalajara.La primera vez que probé el guacamole fue en Guadalajara.
b. primer (before noun)
The first chapter of the novel was the best.El primer capítulo de la novela fue el mejor.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
2. (ahead of others)
a. primero
I had to speak first in the meeting.Tuve que hablar primero en la reunión.
3. (before anything else)
a. primero
First, I would like to thank the organizers for inviting me.Primero me gustaría agradecer a los organizadores por haberme invitado.
4. (rather)
a. antes
You want me to give up my rights? I'd quit first.¿Quiere que renuncie a mis derechos? Antes renuncio.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (in dates)
a. el primero
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The first of April is a day for pranks and jokes of all kinds.El primero de abril es un día para bromas y chistes de todo tipo.
6. (car gear)
a. la primera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We had to go up the slope in first.Tuvimos que subir la cuesta en primera.
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wash your hands(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (imperative)
a. lávate las manos
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
Juanito, wash your hands before eating.Juanito, lávate las manos antes de comer.
b. lávense las manos (plural)
Children, dinner's ready! Wash your hands before coming to the table¡Niños, la cena está lista! Lávense las manos antes de venir a la mesa.
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
2. (to clean one's hands)
a. lavarse las manos
It's important to wash your hands thoroughly before touching the sample.Es importante lavarse las manos con cuidado antes de tocar la muestra.
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