Quick answer
"First" is an adjective which is often translated as "primero", and "wake up" is a phrase which is often translated as "despiértate". Learn more about the difference between "first" and "wake up" below.
first(
fuhrst
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (ordinal number)
a. primero
The first time I ever had guacamole was in Guadalajara.La primera vez que probé el guacamole fue en Guadalajara.
b. primer (before noun)
The first chapter of the novel was the best.El primer capítulo de la novela fue el mejor.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
2. (ahead of others)
a. primero
I had to speak first in the meeting.Tuve que hablar primero en la reunión.
3. (before anything else)
a. primero
First, I would like to thank the organizers for inviting me.Primero me gustaría agradecer a los organizadores por haberme invitado.
4. (rather)
a. antes
You want me to give up my rights? I'd quit first.¿Quiere que renuncie a mis derechos? Antes renuncio.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (in dates)
a. el primero
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The first of April is a day for pranks and jokes of all kinds.El primero de abril es un día para bromas y chistes de todo tipo.
6. (car gear)
a. la primera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We had to go up the slope in first.Tuvimos que subir la cuesta en primera.
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wake up(
weyk
 
uhp
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (imperative; used to address one person)
a. despiértate
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(singular)
Wake up! You'll be late for school.¡Despiértate! Vas a llegar tarde a clase.
b. despiértese
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(singular)
Wake up, sir! I think this is your stop.¡Despiértese, señor! Creo que esta es su parada.
2. (imperative; used to address multiple people)
a. despiértense (plural)
Wake up, kids! We need to leave for the ariport soon.¡Despiértense, niños! Tenemos que salir para el aeropuerto pronto.
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
3. (to awaken from sleep)
a. despertarse
Today I woke up at 8 am.Hoy me desperté a las 8 de la mañana.
4.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(to become aware)
a. espabilarse
Wake up! She's not coming back.¡Espabílate! Ella ya no va a regresar.
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
5. (to rouse from sleep)
a. despertar
A loud sound outside woke me up.Me despertó un sonido fuerte que venía de afuera.
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