Quick answer
"Fewer" is an adjective which is often translated as "menos", and "a few" is a phrase which is often translated as "algunos". Learn more about the difference between "fewer" and "a few" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (a smaller number of)
a. menos
This train makes fewer stops than the 8:15 train.Este tren hace menos paradas que el tren de las 8:15.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (a smaller number)
a. menos
Hundreds of people were exposed to the virus, but fewer than twenty got sick.Cientos de personas estuvieron expuestas al virus, pero menos de veinte se enfermaron.
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a few(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (indicating quantity)
a. algunos
Many sleeping pills stop working after a few hours.Muchas pastillas para dormir dejan de funcionar después de algunas horas.
b. unos
Do you have a few minutes after class to chat?¿Tienes unos minutos después de la clase para hablar?
c. unos pocos
Just a few students passed the exam.Solo unos pocos alumnos aprobaron el examen.
d. unos cuantos
Are there many tomatoes left? - No, there are just a few.¿Quedan muchos tomates? - No, solo hay unos cuantos.
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