Quick answer
"Federal" is an adjective which is often translated as "federal", and "national" is an adjective which is often translated as "nacional". Learn more about the difference between "federal" and "national" below.
federal(
feh
-
duh
-
ruhl
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (relating to the form of government)
a. federal
After living under a monarchy, the 13 colonies formed a federal system of government.Después de haber vivido bajo una monarquía, las 13 colonias formaron un sistema de gobierno federal.
2. (relating to the central government)
a. federal
Teachers are hoping that schools in the state will have access to increased federal funding.Los profesores esperan que las escuelas del estado tengan acceso a una mayor financiación federal.
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national(
nah
-
shuh
-
nuhl
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (pertaining to a country)
a. nacional
Some citizens see immigration as a threat to their national identity.Algunos ciudadanos consideran que la inmigración es una amenaza para su identidad nacional.
2. (within a country)
a. nacional
This young author has already gained a national reputation.Esta joven autora ya se ha ganado una reputación nacional.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (citizen of a country)
a. el ciudadano
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la ciudadana
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
United States nationals are not forbidden from traveling to Cuba.Los ciudadanos de los Estados Unidos no tienen prohibida la entrada a Cuba.
4. (national newspaper) (United Kingdom)
a. el periódico nacional
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
News of the election results was in all of the nationals.Las noticias de los resultados de la elección estaban en todos los periódicos nacionales.
nationals
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
5. (competition)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. la competencia nacional
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
After winning nationals last year, she has high hopes for the Olympics.Después de ganar la competencia nacional el año pasado, tiene grandes expectativas para los Juegos Olímpicos.
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