Quick answer
"Fattening" is a noun which is often translated as "el engorde", and "oily" is an adjective which is often translated as "aceitoso". Learn more about the difference between "fattening" and "oily" below.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (agriculture)
a. el engorde
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Cattle fattening for beef production have become an important business.El engorde de ganado para la producción de carne vacuna se ha convertido en un negocio importante.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (that weight gain)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The nutritionists keep changing their minds about which foods are fattening.Los nutricionistas cambian de opinión a cada rato acerca de qué alimentos hacen engordar.
This chocolate is delicious. If it weren't so fattening, I'd eat it every day.Este chocolate es delicioso. Si no engordara tanto, lo comería todos los días.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (related to or containing oil)
a. aceitoso
After eating so much oily food last night, today I'm in the mood for vegetable soup.Después de comer tanta comida aceitosa anoche, hoy tengo ganas de un caldo de verduras.
b. grasiento
The mechanic wiped the sweat from his forehead with an oily rag, leaving a mark.El mecánico se secó el sudor de la frente con un trapo grasiento y dejó una marca.
c. graso
Allie uses shampoo for oily hair.Allie utiliza chamú para cabello graso.
d. grasoso
The dermatologist recommended some skin care products for my oily skin.La dermatóloga recomendó unos productos de tratamiento dérmico para mi piel grasosa.
e. oleaginoso
A word or phrase that is only used by experts, professionals, or academics in a particular field (e.g. exposition).
The highway was closed due to an oily substance on the pavement.Se cerró la carretera debido a la presencia de una sustancia oleaginosa en el pavimento.
2. (smarmy)
a. empalagoso
I couldn't bear to listen to his oily speech anymore, so I put the TV on mute.Ya no podía aguantar su discurso empalagoso, así que puse la tele en silencio.
b. untuoso
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
I met Jeff at a wedding. He was an oily kind of fellow.Conocí a Jeff en una boda. Era un tipo untuoso.
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