Quick answer
"Famine" is a noun which is often translated as "la hambruna", and "starvation" is a noun which is often translated as "el hambre". Learn more about the difference between "famine" and "starvation" below.
famine(
fah
-
mihn
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (lack of food)
a. la hambruna
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The Great Famine was a period of mass starvation, disease, and emigration in Ireland between 1845 and 1852.La Gran Hambruna fue un período de hambre, enfermedad y emigración masiva que tuvo lugar en Irlanda entre 1845 y 1852.
b. el hambre
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There are groups of volunteers bringing food into the country to combat the famine.Hay grupos de voluntarios trayendo alimentos al país para combatir el hambre.
2. (scarcity)
a. la escasez
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There's a famine of job opportunities that is causing a mass migration.Hay una escasez de oportunidades de empleo que está causando una migración en masa.
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starvation(
star
-
vey
-
shihn
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (extreme desire for food)
a. el hambre
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My mother reminds me of all the people dying of starvation every time I waste food.Mi madre me recuerda toda la gente que se muere de hambre cada vez que desperdicio comida.
b. la inanición
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The victim was held captive in a cage and left to die of starvation.Mantuvieron cautiva a la víctima en una jaula y la dejaron morir de inanición.
c. la hambruna
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Missionaries and doctors were sent to the region that was plagued by disease and starvation.Enviaron misioneros y médicos a la región acosada por la enfermedad y la hambruna.
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