Quick answer
"Familiar" is an adjective which is often translated as "familiar", and "familial" is an adjective which is also often translated as "familiar". Learn more about the difference between "familiar" and "familial" below.
familiar(
fuh
-
mihl
-
yuhr
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (known)
a. familiar
This tune sounds familiar.Esta melodía me suena familiar.
b. conocido
He has a familiar face, but I don't remember where I have seen him.Su cara me resulta conocida, pero no recuerdo dónde lo vi.
2. (common)
a. común
Although the tomato is a familiar food in Italian cooking, it is native to the Americas.Aunque el tomate es un alimento común en la cocina italiana, es originario de las Américas.
3. (informed)
a. familiarizado
I can read Russian, but I'm not very familiar with Russian poetry.Puedo leer ruso, pero no estoy muy familiarizado con la poesía rusa.
4. (intimate)
a. informal
Juana and her brother have so many inside jokes that I don't understand their familiar conversations.Juana y su hermano tienen tantas bromas privadas que no entiendo sus conversaciones informales.
b. de confianza
The politicians are on familiar terms, despite having such different views.Los políticos tienen una relación de confianza, a pesar de tener opinones tan distintas.
5. (too informal)
a. confianzudo
My grandmother doesn't like my friends' familiar behavior towards their elders.A mi abuela no le gusta el comportamiento confianzudo de mis amigos hacia sus mayores.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
He got too familiar with his employees and they stopped respecting his authority.Se tomó demasiadas confianzas con los empleados y dejaron de respetar su autoridad.
Juan got too familiar with the waitress and she responded with a glare.Juan se portó descaradamente con la mesera y ella le echó una mirada rayada.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
6. (witch's companion)
a. el espíritu familiar
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They say that a witch lived in this house and that she had a familiar that took the form of a black cat.Se dice que una bruja vivía en esta casa y que tenía un espíritu familiar en forma de gato negro.
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familial
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (related to families)
a. familiar
Out of familial pride, the prince vowed to avenge the king's death.Por orgullo familiar, el príncipe juró vengar la muerte del rey.
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