Quick answer
"Fall out" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "caerse", and "pass out" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "desmayarse". Learn more about the difference between "fall out" and "pass out" below.
fall out
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to come out)
a. caerse
My son makes me so nervous that I think my hair's going to fall out.Mi hijo me pone tan nerviosa que creo que se me va caer pelo.
2. (to quarrel)
a. pelearse
My brother and I weren't on speaking terms since we had fallen out a month before.Mi hermano y yo no nos hablábamos desde que nos habíamos peleando un mes antes.
b. reñir
My parents would fall out from time to time, but they always found a way to make up.Mis padres reñían de vez en cuando, pero siempre encontraban la manera de reconciliarse.
3. (military)
a. romper filas
The sergeant ordered the soldiers to fall out.El sargento ordenó a los soldados que rompieran filas.
4. (to turn out)
a. resultar
It fell out that that the mayoral candidate had embezzled city funds.Resultó que el candidato a la alcaldía había malversado fondos de la ciudad.
b. salir
Depending on how everything falls out, we may still have time for a trip to the zoo.Dependiendo de como salgan las cosas, tal vez todavía tendremos tiempo para una excursión al zoológico.
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pass out
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to faint)
a. desmayarse
Daniel passed out due to his epilepsy.Daniel se desmayó por su epilepsia.
b. perder el conocimiento
Stephen passed out after his seventh shot of tequila.Stephen perdió el conocimiento después del séptimo tequila.
2. (military) (United Kingdom)
a. graduarse
Over a hundred cadets passed out from the military academy this year.Más de cien cadetes se graduaron en la academia militar este año.
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
3. (to distribute)
a. repartir
The teacher passed out paper to his students for the dictation.El maestro repartió papel entre los estudiantes para el dictado.
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