Quick answer
"Fall down" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "caerse", and "pass out" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "desmayarse". Learn more about the difference between "fall down" and "pass out" below.
fall down(
fal
 
daun
)
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to descend)
a. caerse
He got too close to the edge and fell down the cliff.Se acercó demasiado al borde y se cayó por el acantilado.
2. (to collapse)
a. derrumbarse
After three hundred years, the wall finally fell down.Después de trescientos años, el muro finalmente se derrumbó.
3. (to fail)
a. fracasar
They fell down on the job, and now we are all suffering the consequences.Fracasaron en el trabajo, y ahora todos estamos sufriendo las consecuencias.
b. fallar
The plan started off strong, but fell down in several key areas.El plan comenzó muy bien, pero falló en varias áreas clave.
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pass out
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to faint)
a. desmayarse
Daniel passed out due to his epilepsy.Daniel se desmayó por su epilepsia.
b. perder el conocimiento
Stephen passed out after his seventh shot of tequila.Stephen perdió el conocimiento después del séptimo tequila.
2. (military) (United Kingdom)
a. graduarse
Over a hundred cadets passed out from the military academy this year.Más de cien cadetes se graduaron en la academia militar este año.
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
3. (to distribute)
a. repartir
The teacher passed out paper to his students for the dictation.El maestro repartió papel entre los estudiantes para el dictado.
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