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Quick answer
"Extraviado" is an adjective which is often translated as "lost", and "perdido" is an adjective which is also often translated as "lost". Learn more about the difference between "extraviado" and "perdido" below.
extraviado(
ehks
-
trah
-
byah
-
doh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (general)
a. lost
Tengo que recuperar la maleta extraviada porque llevo ahí mi ordenador.I need to find my lost suitcase because my computer is in there.
b. missing
El juguete extraviado apareció semanas en un armario de la cocina.The missing toy finally appeared some weeks later in a cupboard in the kitchen.
c. stray (an animal)
El perro extraviado del vecino se había escondido en el cobertizo.My neighbor's stray dog had hidden himself in the shed.
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perdido(
pehr
-
dee
-
doh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (unable to find one's way)
a. lost
Encontraron a los niños perdidos vagando en el bosque.The lost children were found wandering in the forest.
2. (misplaced)
a. lost
¡Mira! Aquí están todos tus calcetines perdidos.Look! Here are all your lost socks.
3. (gone astray)
a. stray
El testigo fue matado por una bala perdida.The witness was killed by a stray bullet.
4. (distant)
a. isolated
Pasamos el fin de semana en un pueblo perdido de las montañas.We spent the weekend in an isolated village in the mountains.
b. remote
Llegaron a una isla perdida del norte.They arrived at a remote island in the north.
5. (confused)
a. lost
Estoy perdida. ¿Puedes volver a explicar como sacar la respuesta?I'm lost. Can you explain how to get the answer again?
6. (wasted)
a. lost
No se puede recuperar el tiempo perdido, Antonio. Estoy enamorado de otro.You can't make up for lost time, Antonio. I've fallen in love with someone else.
7. (undeniable)
a. total
Isaac es un romántico perdido.Isaac is a total romantic.
b. complete
¿Eres un distraído perdido o solo te haces?Are you a complete scatterbrain or are you just pretending to be?
c. utter (formal)
Un tonto perdido como él no merece tu atención.An utter fool like him isn't worth your attention.
8. (in trouble)
a. done for
Cuando se entere el jefe, estarás perdido.When the boss finds out, you'll be done for.
9.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(very dirty)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. filthy
Los niños se han puesto perdidos en el parque.The kids got filthy in the park.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
10. (libertine)
a. degenerate
Finalmente arrestaron al perdido que nos estaba filmando durante las clases de yoga en el parque.They finally arrested the degenerate who was filming us in the park during yoga class.
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