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Quick answer
"Extravío" is a noun which is often translated as "loss", and "pérdida" is a noun which is also often translated as "loss". Learn more about the difference between "extravío" and "pérdida" below.
extravío(
ehks
-
trah
-
bee
-
oh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (misplacing)
a. loss
En caso de daño o pérdida de la tarjeta de crédito, contacta al banco inmediatamente.In case of damage or loss of your credit card, contact your bank immediately.
b. mislaying
Tuve que pagar $70 por el extravío de las llaves de la habitación.I had to pay $70 for the mislaying of the room keys.
2. (deviation from mores)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Dorian no era consciente del extravío y la corrupción de su alma.Dorian wasn't aware of his misconduct and the corruption of his soul.
Tenemos que hacer que los niños vayan a la escuela para salvarlos del extravío.We need to get children in school to save them from straying from the straight and narrow.
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pérdida(
pehr
-
dee
-
dah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (privation)
a. loss
La pérdida de su esposo provocó que Maite cayera en la depresión.The loss of her husband caused Maite to fall into depression.
2. (misplacement)
a. loss
La pérdida de mi cartera me provocó muchos problemas.The loss of my wallet caused me a lot of problems.
3. (reduction)
a. loss
Sufrió una pérdida de peso importante a causa de su enfermedad.She suffered a significant loss of weight because of her illness.
4. (waste)
a. wastage
La pérdida de agua en la zona se debe a las tuberías viejas.The wastage of water in the area is due to the old pipes.
b. leakage
Hay una pérdida de presión en el sector siete.We have a pressure leakage in sector seven.
5. (death)
a. loss
Te ofrezco mi más sincero pésame por la pérdida de tu madre.My sincere condolences on the loss of your mother.
pérdidas
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
6. (finance)
a. losses
Los dueños de la tienda de la esquina no tenían seguro para cubrir las pérdidas del negocio.The owners of the corner store had no insurance to cover any business losses.
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