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Quick answer
"Extraño" is an adjective which is often translated as "strange", and "ajeno" is an adjective which is often translated as "other people's". Learn more about the difference between "extraño" and "ajeno" below.
extraño(
ehks
-
trah
-
nyoh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (unusual)
a. strange
Son tan extraños. No miran a nadie a los ojos.They're so strange. They don't look anyone in the eye.
b. odd
¡Qué extraño que no haya llamado!How odd that he didn't call!
2. (unfamiliar)
a. foreign
Los cruzados pelearon en tierra extraña.The Crusaders fought on foreign land.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
3. (unknown person)
a. stranger
No dejes entrar a ningún extraño.Don't let any strangers in.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
4. (sudden movement)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
El elefante hizo un extraño cuando vio el ratón.The elephant shied when he saw a mouse.
El avión hizo un extraño al despegar.The plane made a strange movement while taking off.
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ajeno(
ah
-
heh
-
noh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (belonging to someone else)
a. other people's
Se dice que el respeto al derecho ajeno es la paz.It is said that peace is respecting other people's rights.
Tomás llegó a ser rico con dinero ajeno.Tomas became rich with other people's money.
b. someone else's
Lo peor es tener hambre en casa ajena.The worst is when you're hungry at someone else's house.
2. (not connected to)
a. foreign
Fabricamos productos de acero, así que la construcción con aluminio nos es ajena.We build steel products, so aluminum construction is foreign to us.
b. alien
El estilo de vida de un agricultor es completamente ajeno a un habitante de la ciudad.A farmer's lifestyle is completely alien to a city dweller.
c. unconnected
Encontramos sangre ajena a los víctimas.We found blood unconnected to any of the victims.
d. unaffiliated
Las personas ajenas no son permitidas en este club.Unaffiliated people are not allowed in this club.
3. (not aware)
a. unaware
Estaba ajeno al hecho de que caminaba hacia una trampa.He was unaware of the fact that he was walking into a trap.
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