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Quick answer
"Expectativa" is a noun which is often translated as "expectation", and "necesidades" is a plural noun which is often translated as "hardship". Learn more about the difference between "expectativa" and "necesidades" below.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (aspiration)
a. expectation
La expectativa es que me den el trabajo para irme a vivir con mi novio.The expectation is that I'll get the job and then move in with my boyfriend.
b. hope
María tiene pocas expectativas de aprobar el examen sin haber estudiado.Maria has little hope of passing the exam without having studied.
2. (likelihood)
a. prospect
El doctor dijo que la expectativa de que se produzca una pronta mejoría es alta.The doctor said that the prospect of a speedy recovery was high.
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A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
1. (privation)
a. hardship
Los refugiados pasaron muchas necesidades en el camino.The refugees suffered a lot of hardship on the road.
2. (euphemistic)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
¿El perro ha hecho sus necesidades?Has the dog done his business?
Se vieron obligados a hacer sus necesidades en un balde.They were obliged to relieve themselves in a bucket.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
3. (urgency)
a. need
Reconocemos la necesidad de reformas en el sistema escolar.We recognize the need for reform in the school system.
4. (indigence)
a. poverty
La necesidad lo llevó a buscar una mejor vida en Europa.Poverty led him to seek a better life in Europe.
b. need
Los niños que viven en la mayor necesidad no tienen acceso a una educación.Children living in greatest need do not have access to an education.
5. (requirement)
a. necessity
Si vives en un lugar tan aislado, un carro es una necesidad.A car is a necessity if you live in such remote location.
6. (obligation)
a. necessity
Empecé a trabajar por necesidad, no porque quisiera hacerlo.I started work out of necessity, not because I wanted to.
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