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Quick answer
"Exigencia" is a noun which is often translated as "demand", and "competencia" is a noun which is often translated as "competition". Learn more about the difference between "exigencia" and "competencia" below.
exigencia(
ehk
-
see
-
hehn
-
syah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (obligation)
a. demand
Me siento agobiado por las exigencias de mi trabajo.I'm feeling overwhelmed by the demands of my job.
b. requirement
Una de las exigencias para este puesto en el gobierno es ser ciudadano estadounidense.One of the requirements for this government position is to be an American citizen.
c. exigency
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
Si queremos solucionar la crisis educativa, el rigor y la exigencia tendrán que prevalecer.If we want to solve the educational crisis, strictness and exigency must prevail.
2. (claim)
a. demand
Los trabajadores enviaron una larga lista de exigencias a la gerencia.The workers submitted a long list of demands to the management.
3. (petition)
Regionalism used in the Caribbean: Cuba, the Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico
(Caribbean)
a. request
Mi única exigencia es que estés en casa antes de las 10 pm.My only request is that you get home before 10 pm.
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competencia(
kohm
-
peh
-
tehn
-
syah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (power struggle)
a. competition
Barcelona y Real Madrid están en una competencia feroz para primer lugar.Barcelona and Real Madrid are in a fierce competition for first place.
b. rivalry
La competencia entre Paco y Pedro se intensificó al punto de estallar en violencia.The rivalry between Paco and Pedro intensified until it broke out in violence.
2. (competitor)
a. rival
Nuestra competencia salió con un producto similar a nuestro prototipo.Our rival came out with a product similar to our prototype.
b. competition
Para ganar a la competencia es bueno ser primero, pero es mejor ser mejor.To beat the competition it's good to be first, but it's better to be better.
3. (sports)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. competition
La Preparatoria Sur tiene una competencia de fútbol el sábado.South High School has a soccer competition on Saturday.
4. (responsibility)
a. province
Los robos no están dentro de la competencia de la policía de vialidad.Robberies are not the province of the traffic police.
b. jurisdiction
La competencia de este juzgado es todo lo relacionado con la familia.This court's jurisdiction is anything related to families.
c. purview
La decisión de despedirlo está dentro de la competencia del presidente.The decision to dismiss him is within the purview of the President.
5. (aptitude)
a. competence
Paloma está tomando cursos para mejor su competencia en matemáticas.Paloma is taking courses to improve her competence in mathematics.
b. ability
Mientras más entrenas, más vas a mejorar tu competencia de escalar montañas.The more you practice, the more you are going to improve your ability to climb mountains.
competencias
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
6. (authority)
a. powers
Las competencias del gobierno en una democracia surgen del pueblo. The powers of the government in a democracy arise from the people.
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