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Quick answer
"Excavación" is a noun which is often translated as "excavation", and "relleno" is a noun which is often translated as "filling". Learn more about the difference between "excavación" and "relleno" below.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (act of digging)
a. excavation
La excavación de los cimientos para el nuevo hotel comenzará el próximo mes.Excavation of the foundations for the new hotel will begin next month.
b. digging
Se necesita maquinaria pesada para comenzar la excavación en el área del derrumbe.We need to bring in heavy machinery to begin the digging in the landslide area.
2. (excavated site)
a. excavation
Mi tío trabaja en la excavación donde encontraron el tesoro pre-hispánico más grande.My uncle works on the excavation where the largest pre-Hispanic buried treasure was found.
b. dig
Los arqueólogos encontraron una gran variedad de fósiles en la excavación.Archaeologists found a large variety of fossils at the dig.
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A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (culinary)
a. filling
Este pan dulce tiene un relleno de crema pastelera.This pastry has a sweet custard filling.
b. stuffing
Preparé un relleno para el pavo hecho de puerco molido, ciruela pasa y nuez.I made a stuffing for the turkey made of ground pork, prunes, and pecans.
2. (extra details)
a. padding
Ya tengo cuatro páginas de las cinco que debo hacer. Le voy a echar más relleno para acabar.I've written four of the five pages I need to do. I'll add some more padding to finish.
3. (clothing)
a. padding
Jessica dice que se siente más segura con un poco de relleno en el sostén.Jessica says she feels more confident with a little padding in her bra.
4. (padding material)
a. stuffing
De tanto abrazarlo, ya se le cayó todo el relleno de su amado muñeco.From hugging it so much, all of her beloved doll's stuffing fell out.
b. filler
Ron arregló la pared con un relleno de yeso antes de pintar.Ron patched the wall with a plaster filler before painting.
5. (additive)
a. filler
Nuestras hamburguesas son 100% carne sin rellenos.Our burgers are 100% meat with no fillers.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
6. (culinary)
a. stuffed
Uno de los platos mexicanos más ricos es el chile relleno.One of the most delicious Mexican dishes is the stuffed chile.
b. filled
Mis dulces favoritos están rellenos de una crema de fresa.My favorite candies are filled with strawberry cream.
7. (fat)
a. plump
Te hace falta un poco de ejercicio. Te estás viendo bastante relleno.You could use some exercise. You're looking quite plump.
b. full
¡Qué preciosa carita rellena la de tu bebé!What a cute full little face your baby has!
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