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Quick answer
"Etcétera" is an adverb which is often translated as "et cetera", and "ciudad" is a noun which is often translated as "city". Learn more about the difference between "etcétera" and "ciudad" below.
etcétera(
eht
-
seh
-
teh
-
rah
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (and all the rest)
a. et cetera
Le encanta la música de todos los compositores clásicos: Bach, Beethoven, Mozart, etcétera.He loves the music of all the classical composers: Bach, Beethoven, Mozart, et cetera.
b. etcetera
Para poder hornear cualquier pastel se necesita harina, huevos, azúcar, etcétera.To be able to bake any kind of cake you need flour, eggs, sugar, etcetera.
c. and so on
Nuestro país exporta materia prima como algodón, trigo, etcétera.Our country exports raw materials like cotton, wheat, and so on.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2. (unspecified objects)
a. list
La actriz ganó un Óscar, un Emmy y un largo etcétera de otros premios.The actress won an Oscar, an Emmy, and a long list of other awards.
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ciudad(
syoo
-
dahd
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (settlement)
a. city
Esmeralda dice que su ciudad preferida es París.Esmeralda says that her favorite city is Paris.
b. town
Mis abuelos viven en una ciudad pequeña cerca de Minneapolis.My grandparents live in a small town near Minneapolis.
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