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Quick answer
"Estructura" is a noun which is often translated as "structure", and "funcionamiento" is a noun which is often translated as "operation". Learn more about the difference between "estructura" and "funcionamiento" below.
estructura(
ehs
-
trook
-
too
-
rah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (skeleton)
a. structure
Milagrosamente, la estructura del edificio seguía intacta tras el terremoto.The structure of the building miraculously remained intact after the earthquake.
b. frame
Mis padres querían una estructura de madera para la casa porque era más barata.My parents wanted a timber frame for the house because it was cheaper.
c. framework
El edificio tenía una base de cemento con una estructura metálica encima.The building had a concrete base with a metal framework above it.
2. (configuration)
a. structure
Querían reformar la estructura jerárquica del partido.They wanted to reform the party's hierarchical structure.
b. framework
La estructura social de la tribu se basaba en la familia matriarcal.The social framework of the tribe was based on the matriarchal family.
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funcionamiento(
foon
-
syoh
-
nah
-
myehn
-
toh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (general)
a. operation
No intente abrir la bandeja del DVD mientras la unidad está en funcionamiento.Do not try to open the DVD tray while the drive is in operation.
b. functioning
Una nutrición adecuada es esencial para el correcto funcionamiento del cuerpo.Adequate nutrition is essential for the correct functioning of the body.
c. running
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