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Quick answer
"Estremecido" is an adjective which is often translated as "shaking with", and "grave" is an adjective which is often translated as "serious". Learn more about the difference between "estremecido" and "grave" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (quivering; used with "de")
a. shaking with
Estremecido del dolor, el paciente se levantó de la camilla y se dirigió al baño.Shaking with pain, the patient got up from the gurney and went to the bathroom.
b. trembling with
Los prisioneros, débiles y estremecidos por el hambre, cavaban un túnel para escapar.The prisoners, weak and trembling with hunger, dug a tunnel to escape.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (critical)
a. serious
Nos enfrentamos a una situación grave que requiere cambios estructurales profundos.We are facing a serious situation that requires profound structural changes.
b. grave
Cometió un error muy grave pero supo rectificar a tiempo.He made a very grave mistake but was able to rectify it in time.
2. (very sick)
a. seriously ill
Los medios de comunicación han informado de que está grave.The media has reported him as being seriously ill.
3. (solemn)
a. grave
Me informó de su dimisión con expresión grave.She informed me of her resignation with a grave expression.
4. (bass)
a. deep (voice)
Tiene una voz grave y aterciopelada.He has a deep and velvety voice.
b. low (note)
Me cuesta llegar a las notas graves.It's hard for me to reach the low notes.
5. (grammar)
a. grave (accent)
El acento grave no existe en el español actual.The grave accent is not used in today's Spanish.
b. stressed on the penultimate syllable (word)
"Casa" es una palabra grave."Casa" is a word that is stressed on the penultimate syllable.
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