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Quick answer
"Estrés" is a noun which is often translated as "stress", and "tensión" is a noun which is often translated as "tension". Learn more about the difference between "estrés" and "tensión" below.
estrés(
ehs
-
trehs
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (general)
a. stress
Los exámenes me producen mucho estrés.Exams put me under a lot of stress.
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tensión(
tehn
-
syohn
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (state of being stretched)
a. tension
La tensión en los músculos ha llevado a una contractura.The tension in the muscles has caused a muscle spasm.
b. tautness
La tensión de las cuerdas de la raqueta se ajusta así.This is how you adjust the tautness of the racket strings.
2. (medicine)
a. blood pressure
Noté que tenía la tensión baja, así que me tomé un refresco.I noticed my blood pressure was low so I drank a soda.
3. (anxiety)
a. stress
La tensión que vivo en el trabajo me está causando dolores de cabeza.The stress I'm experiencing at work is giving me headaches.
b. strain
Estoy viviendo una situación personal que me produce mucha tensión.I'm going through a personal situation that's putting me under a lot of strain.
4. (electricity)
a. voltage
Al subir la tensión de repente, saltaron los plomos.When the voltage suddenly went up, the fuses blew.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
5. (tenseness)
a. tension
Hay mucha tensión entre los hermanos sobre la herencia.There's a lot of tension between the brothers and sisters over the inheritance.
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