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Quick answer
"Disculpe" is a form of "disculpar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to forgive". "Estoy perdido" is a phrase which is often translated as "I'm lost". Learn more about the difference between "estoy perdido" and "disculpe" below.
estoy perdido(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (I'm unable to find my way or confused)
a. I'm lost
Perdón, señora. Estoy perdido. ¿Sabe dónde queda el parque Bolívar?Excuse me, ma'am. I'm lost. Do you know where Park Bolivar is?
2. (I'm in trouble)
a. I'm done for
Tengo que esconderme en algún sitio. Si me ven esos matones, estoy perdido.I have to hide somewhere. If those thugs see me, I'm done for.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(I'm very dirty)
Regionalism used in Spain
a. I'm filthy
No puedo tocar nada. Necesito lavarme las manos porque he tenido que cambiar una rueda y estoy perdido.I can't touch anything. I need to wash my hands because I had to change a tire and I'm filthy.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to pardon)
a. to forgive
Por favor, discúlpame por haber roto la guitarra.Please, forgive me for breaking the guitar.
b. to excuse
Discúlpeme por llegar unos minutos tarde.Excuse me for arriving a few minutes late.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to ask forgiveness)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Disculpe, por favor. ¿Me dice dónde está la parada del metro?Excuse me, please. Can you tell me where the subway station is?
Disculpa, no te he visto trabajando allí. Me pondré los cascos.I'm sorry, I didn't see you there working. I'll put headphones in.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to admit guilt)
a. to apologize
Si te disculparas, quizás te perdonaría.If you apologized, perhaps he'd forgive you.
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