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Quick answer
"Este" is a noun which is often translated as "east", and "sur" is a noun which is often translated as "south". Learn more about the difference between "este" and "sur" below.
este(
ehs
-
teh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (compass point)
a. east
La "E" en la brújula significa "este".The "E" on the compass means "east."
2. (direction)
a. east
La ventana de nuestra habitación daba hacia el este.Our bedroom window opened to the east.
3. (region)
a. east
Los que viven en el este de la ciudad tienen un acento diferente a los demás.The people who live in the city's east have a different accent compared to the rest.
4. (wind)
a. east wind
El este trajo una plaga de langostas.The east wind brought with it a plague of locusts.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (in or from the east)
a. eastern
La zona este de la ciudad tiene unos restaurantes excelentes.The eastern part of the city has some excellent restaurants.
b. east
El lado este de la bahía es el lugar perfecto para nadar.The east side of the bay is the perfect place for swimming.
c. easterly
Es mejor ir en dirección este si quieres evitar el bosque.It's better to go in an easterly direction if you want to stay clear of the forest.
6. (demonstrative)
a. this
Este año acabo la universidad.I finish university this year.
Esta libreta no es mía.This notebook isn't mine.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
7. (demonstrative)
a. this
Este no es el plato que pedí.This is not the meal I ordered.
Esta no es la camisa que quería.This is not the shirt I wanted.
b. this one
Me voy a llevar este; el gorro chico no me queda.I'm going to take this one; the small hat doesn't fit me.
¿Qué falda te gusta más? - Esta es muy bonita.Which skirt do you like better? - This one is really pretty.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
8. (conversational filler)
a. um
¿A qué hora llega tu jefe? - Este, no estoy segura.What time does your boss arrive? - Um, I'm not sure.
b. er
¿Te gusta mi nuevo corte de cabello? - Este, claro que sí.Do you like my new haircut? - Er, of course.
Este
A proper noun refers to the name of a person, place, or thing.
proper noun
9. (region of the world)
a. East
Comerciantes medievales viajaban hacia el Este en búsqueda de especies y sedas.Medieval merchants traveled to the East in search of spices and silks.
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sur(
soor
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (compass point)
a. south
La "S" en la brújula significa "sur".The "S" on the compass means "south."
2. (direction)
a. south
Esa montaña que se ve en la distancia queda hacia el sur.That mountain that you see in the distance lies to the south.
3. (region)
a. south
En el sur del parque nacional se pueden encontrar ciervos, pumas y muchas especies de pájaros.In the south of the national park you can find deer, cougars, and many species of birds.
4. (wind)
a. south wind
El sur soplaba con fuerza.The south wind was blowing hard.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (in or from the south)
a. southern
Argentina se encuentra en el hemisferio sur.Argentina is in the Southern Hemisphere.
b. south
Mi mejor amiga se crió en la zona sur de Chicago.My best friend grew up on Chicago's south side.
c. southerly
Los vientos Santa Ana, los vientos sur que vienen de California, son muy secos.The Santa Ana winds, the southerly winds that come from California, are very dry.
Sur
A proper noun refers to the name of a person, place, or thing.
proper noun
6. (region of the world)
a. South
Quiero vivir en el Sur después de jubilarme porque ya no aguanto el frío.I want to live in the South after I retire because I can't stand the cold anymore.
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